The Ayurvedic term for all types of joint and neuromuscular disorders is Vatavyadhi. The Vata Doshas are responsible for causing these ailments, and they can be identified as:
- Sandhigata vata (osteoarthritis)
- Pakshaghata (paralysis)
- Avabahuka (frozen shoulder)
- Katyashrit vata (Slip disc)
- Grudhrasi (sciatica)
- Katigrah and Manyagrah (Lumbar and Cervical spondylitis)
Factors such as over-exerting the body after performing excessive exercise or carrying heavy weights are responsible for the development of neuromuscular disorders. Old age, accidents, sedentary habits and improper diet can also lead to, or worsen, such conditions. The most common symptoms of these ailments are joint pains, inflammations, crepitus, stiffness and restricted movement of the joints or muscles.
Maitra has an effective remedial therapy, both internal and external, in the form of Panchakarma to combat these ailments. Guduchi, Rasna and Guuggulu formulations can be ingested, while oil massages are available to soothe the sore body parts externally and return them to health. A specialized diet may also be prescribed. This treatment may be supplemented with Yoga and Pranayam, although under guidance.